Revista Portuguesa de Ciências do Desporto
versión impresa ISSN 1645-0523
CORREA, Umberto Cesar; UGRINOWITSCH, Herbert; BENDA, Rodolfo Novellino y TANI, Go. Effects of practice schedule on the adaptive process of motor learning. Rev. Port. Cien. Desp. [online]. 2010, vol.10, n.1, pp. 158-171. ISSN 1645-0523.
This study had as objective to investigate the effects of practice schedule on the adaptive process of motor learning. The experimental design consisted of four practice groups (constant, random, constant-random and random-constant), and two learning phases (stabilization and adaptation). In three experiments, children performed a complex task of coincident timing, in which the varied practice was manipulated in terms of visual stimulus (Experiment 1), movement pattern (Experiment 2), and a combination of both (Experiment 3). In Experiment 1, the constant, constant-random, and random-constant groups showed better performance in the adaptation phase than did the random group. In Experiment 2, the constant and constant-random groups performed better than did the others. And, in Experiment 3, the constant-random group demonstrated better performance than the others. Overall results indicated that, during the adaptive process of motor skill acquisition, constant and constant-random practice, were superior to random and random-constant practice.
Palabras llave : practice schedule; motor learning; adaptive process; non-equilibrium model.